Elon Musk, also known as the real “Iron Man” is the innovator who has been very popular in recent years specially the way he wants to save humanity with the examples of risk he takes in the companies he owns.
This South African who is making real his childhood dreams come true, has been a pioneer in the creation of technological services and today he is in the forefront of the innovation with "Tesla Motors", which makes electrical cars, and "Space X", which plans to take us to Mars in the distant future.
As a child he was afraid of the dark and in a science book he found that the darkness is just a phenomenon, of the absence of visible light. Today Elon Musk provides solar power systems to many homes and businesses, manufactures electric cars and sends rocket via satellites into space; we could say that thanks to his scientific understanding and entrepreneurial courage, he is a source of inspiration to the humanity in many ways and helps us to lose fears with which we have grown, like freedom and creative risk.
Musk was the typical nerd a loner in school, immersed into books and comics, reading about science and great innovators but also philosophers like Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. So perhaps this South African is an unusual combination of super engineer, entrepreneur and social revolutionary, his goal is not simply to get rich but to make a world a better place to live and future multi-planet for humans. He joined the computer classes in his own country, but soon realized that he knew more than his teacher. Throughout his life he has been one of those self-taught guys who goes beyond theory. A rebel who never allow himself to be confined to old rules, it was very clear to him that he was going to do something different, implementing ideas that contribute to human welfare and sustainable energy.
He learned programming on his own and made a game called “Blastar”, which he sold for a few thousand dollars, his business life began without the permission of his parents. He always knew that America was the country where his dream would come true, “The land of opportunities” but with the support of his family he traveled to Canada where he worked to pay for his studies. He gained admission to study physics and business administration at the University of Pennsylvania and began a PhD at Stanford which he abandoned two days later to form his first company: “Zip 2”, an internet database company, yellow pages to which newspapers and media companies registered.
Compaq bought his company for 307 million dollars. He was also the creator of “X.com”, what would later be known as Pay Pal, a pioneer in online payments that won the race from the famous Ebay and were forced to buy Musk’s company in 2002 for more than a billion dollars. Elon says that he could have retired at the age of 30 and buy several islands with that money, but that was never his goal, he had plans to create technological companies inspired by the legendary spirit of the territory “Silicon Valley”, where he had moved.
In 2002 he formed “Space X”, investing out of pocket 100 million dollars, the first private company to challenge space travel and plan to go to Mars in the near future. This South African realized that NASA’s rockets had not changed much since the 90s and it was time to add private efforts to this space adventure. His rockets had 3 failed attempts at launch where they lost a great sum of money. Learning from his mistakes Musk made a successful launch in 2015, and NASA signed a contract with “SpaceX” for US $ 1,600,000, to resupply the international space station. The focus of the company is to reduce the costs to go into space, the rockets could be reusable.
Tesla Motors was founded in 2004 with the goal of making electric cars that surpass traditional fossil fuels and thus contribute to the mitigation of damage to the environment. Musk made a master plan to make 3 cars, the “Tesla Roadster” a luxury sports car that helped finance “Model S”, a family sedan which helped “Model 3”, a cheaper version for the general public. These cars have the engine and the battery in the trunk allowing more space for passengers and luggage on top. There are currently free recharging stations at various points in the United States. Anyway electric cars are a technology in development and testing, Tesla has had problems in the distribution and generated losses, but what’s important is his commitment to sustainable energy to which Musk will make every effort; where other big companies like General Motors and Nissan also joined.
His other company, that was acquired by Tesla, is “Solar City”, which seeks to create sustainable energy. They design and install solar panels and rent them via leasing, currently he provides service to many homes, businesses and nonprofit organizations in the United States. Musk has also planned other ideas which are already being carried out, an ultrafast train called “Hyperloop” which runs through an air tube and will travel from San Francisco to Los Angeles in half an hour.
Every day, cell phones evolve and bring with them a durable and renewed technology fulfilling the basic needs of a human being. This tool is fundamental for relationships being a very efficient method of communication. With the support of Nanotechnology, changes are being made to the screens, tiny microphones are incorporated in order to implement the operating systems like Android and Apple.
The rise of cellular technology is at its best, the involvement of large companies such as Google and Apple in the market have accelerated the development of multifunction devices with revolutionary operating systems, which in the future may have the power of a computer.
The evolution of mobile phones has been vertiginous in the last two decades, thanks to the efforts of scientific innovation, these devices have transformed the way we communicate by allowing the connection and access to different types of information simultaneously. In 2015, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) revealed that globally there are around 7,100 lines linked to mobile phones, meaning that for every 100 people there are 97 cellphones, a figure that almost equals to the world population. According to the United Nations, by 2020, the world population is estimated to be around 7.8 billion and 70% of the people on the planet have mobile devices.
The concept of a cell phones began to be developed at the end of World War II, its goal was to enable wireless communication using the electromagnetic spectrum, radio waves that did not exceed 60 MHz. The first mobile cell phone model, the “Nokia Mobira Senator”, which weighed 9.8 kg; for its implementation it was necessary to create an additional infrastructure with switches, transmission equipment and stations to guarantee its operational funtionality. The economic and social advances in the world have generated the need to streamline work and optimize the communication processes, the industry has developed technological instruments that adapt to the demand of consumers, those who need multifunctional devices, which comply with its primary goal and also provide additional benefits.
The first prototypes of cell phones were well known for their huge size and weight, nowadays they are increasingly smaller and lighter, things that have been replaced by devices that only fulfilled a function. In a smart phone, also known as “Smartphone”, different elements are integrated that permit everyday functions such as: clock, calculator, alarms, notes, voice recorder, audio and video player, camera, games, among others. With the development of cellphone applications the mobile industry has changed dramatically, opening the way to functions that were unimaginable in the past. At present the boom of the applications is in its greatest demand, since you can download them from any smart phone.
Android operating system, When two big ones come together.
Android, is a standalone operating system designed primarily for touch screen mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, televisions and automobiles. This revolutionary system is the result of the union of two large technology creation companies, Google and Linux, the first is a company specialized in products and services such as search engines, e-mail, books, news and other services related to the Internet and software of electronic devices. The second is a free software and open source operating system that is developed by several partners around the world. In its beginnings the operating system was created by Android Inc, company that Google financed in its beginnings and later in 2005 decided to buy it.
Currently this operating system is declared to be the one most used in the world, with more than 1.400 million users. The success is due to the joint colaboration of different cellphone manufacturers, ensuring the independence and confidentiality of the phone’s hardware and software, providing the possibility of building a free operating system on the network. In order for the operating system to execute, it needs certain codes which are present in each device and thus gets the cell phone to work.
Nanotechnology at the service of the communication
Nanotechnology is the study, creation and application of materials through the control and modification of matter at the nano scale. With the incorporation of Nanotechnology in the devices for communication, research is being done on the manufacture of nanomaterials that will allow to improve the physical qualities and optimize the mechanisms so that the internal functions of the cellphones are executed better. The main objective is to contribute to reduction of these devices taking them to their practical limit; it is intended to reduce the costs of some components, increase functionality and reduce energy consumption. The cellphone manufacturing companies are working on projects that aim to make a difference in such a competitive market, where any added function can influence the buyer while making a decision. With the help of nanotechnology, they seek to give screens flexibility, design transparent elements, surfaces that self-clean and incorporate tiny microphones to avoid interference and better capture the sounds, besides long lasting batteries that charge in minutes.
Since the Stone Age, man has been concerned with solving his inquisitiveness about the origin of the earth. Today, there are theories that sort of provide answers to that big question. The Big Bang for example, points out that the universe was created about 14 billion years ago with a big explosion. According to National Geographic, this hypothesis states that “the universe expanded with an unbelievable speed from its origin, which was the size of a stone with an astronomical impact, a trillionth part of a second after the big bang.” The expansion has apparently continued, but a whole lot slower.
Creation, on the other hand, indicates that the origin of the earth and all living beings are the product of concrete acts of divine creation, where there is a God, who is the author of everything we see and touch, faith is the essential plot of this fact, that there are no scientific evidences to prove this theory. It has been known that since the origin of the earth, it has housed various species of living beings that we may not really know. Man, who is known to be as a thoughtful and reasonable being, who has used the earth in various ways to meet his needs. An example of this is how in past centuries the natives built their huts, where they made use of materials such as earth and water, mixing them together to form a homogeneous mass until it formed the mud. In the same way, they made use of this element, planting products for their own food and for their animals.
The process was similar to the one that is being used today, first you select the ground where you wish to plant the chosen vegetable, and next you would dig a hole, where you finally sow the seed that will grow into vegetables later. As the products grow, this vegetation is responsible for producing photosynthesis, which provides the oxygen, purifying the environment and feeding itself. Hence the importance of not contaminating the land, since the vegetation is responsible for renewing the air by eliminating carbon dioxide. The earth is so important to man that without it there would be no life which is how, since ancient times, it has been given a feminine and receptive role. Feminine, because it supplies all those agricultural products, since its fertility is a mystery and a it is a transcendent resource; the nutrients in the field are those that provide us a healthy life.
The earth is the auspicious instrument for the conditioning of the ecosystem; the ecosystem has a dependence on the top part of the soil and fresh water. The life of every living being depends largely on its maintenance. On the other hand, the earth represents stability, because the life cycle of every living being will always depend on the earth. Have you asked yourself, what would the man be without the earth? Perhaps we wouldn’t have had any of the features like the ones we have today, because it is here where the mother earth gives us every stage of our development cycle, birth, growth, reproduction and death.
The earth is the mother of strength, justice and law, the basis of the physical world and the habitat of the spirit in manifestation. Nowadays, various organizations have come up proposing policies for the care and conservation of the planet earth. The innumerable sources of water, in most cases mountains that are magical and charming treasures, which must be cared for properly, because these places are designated by the earth to offer its residents guarantees of survival. In addition, groups like the NGOs have been aware of how much we owe the earth, and as with our excessive consumption we are contributing to its wear and tear.
It is time to become aware of its conservation, because giving a thought based on sustainable development, is to think about leaving our future generations with an environment that is favorable for optimal living conditions. The United Nations, having knowledge of the situation that we are creating all kinds of pollutions, has implemented the strategy of sustainable development, seeking a better world for everyone. The international community, realizing the importance of caring for the earth has emphasized designing decrees which is aimed at achieving conservation of the planet.
That is why the O.D.S (sustainable development objectives) denotes the importance of all countries in the world working as a team to search for a green planet, where globalization and technology will generate positive changes that are directed to its maintenance. The Times of Colombia joins the campaign of care and preservation of the land, because we belong to it and live by it.